Fort Pitt

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"A Plan of the New Fort at Pitts-Burgh", drawn by cartographer John Rocque and published in 1765. "Fort Pitt in 1795", from Durant's 1876
"History of Allegheny County" The Blockhouse. Part of the excavated fort.As a result, in 1763 local Delawares and Shawnees took part in
Pontiac's Rebellion, an effort to drive the British out of the region. The Indians' siege of Fort Pitt began on June 22, 1763, but the fort was too
strong to be taken by force. In negotiations during the siege, the commander of Fort Pitt gave two Delaware emissaries blankets that had been
exposed to smallpox, in hopes of infecting the surrounding Indians and ending the siege. The attempt was probably unsuccessful, and on
August 1, 1763, most of the Indians broke off the siege in order to intercept an approaching force under Colonel Henry Bouquet, resulting
in the Battle of Bushy Run. Bouquet fought off the attack and relieved Fort Pitt on August 20.After Pontiac's War, Fort Pitt was no longer
necessary to the British Crown, and was abandoned to the locals in 1772. At that time, the Pittsburgh area was claimed by both Virginia and
Pennsylvania, and a power struggle for the region commenced. Virginians took control of Fort Pitt, and for a brief while in the 1770s it was
called Fort Dunmore, in honour of Virginia's Governor Lord Dunmore. The fort served as a staging ground in Dunmore's War of 1774.
Fort Pitt was a fort in what is now the city of Pittsburgh, Allegheny County,
Pennsylvania. The fort was built in 1758 during the French and Indian War, next to
the site of Fort Duquesne. The French built Fort Duquesne at the beginning of that
war, and it became a focal point due to its strategic river location. The Braddock
expedition, a 1755 attempt to take Fort Duquesne, met with a bloody repulse at the
Monongahela River. The French garrison viciously mauled an attacking British
regiment in September 1758, but abandoned and destroyed the fort at the approach
of General John Forbes's expedition in November.

The Forbes expedition was successful where the Braddock expedition had failed
because of the Treaty of Easton, in which area American Indians agreed to abandon
their alliance with the French. American Indians, primarily Delawares and Shawnees'”
made this agreement with the understanding that the British military would leave the
area after the war. The Indians wanted a trading post on the spot, but they did not
want a British army garrison. The British, however, built a new fort on the site and
named it Fort Pitt, after William Pitt the Elder.
During the American Revolutionary War, Fort Pitt served as a headquarters for the western theatre of the war. Fort Pitt fell into disrepair once
again in the years following the Revolution. It was abandoned in 1792 when Fort Fayette was built to replace it. Residents of the growing
Pittsburgh used the remnants of the fort to build permanent housing for themselves.

A small brick building called the "Blockhouse,”actually a type of outbuilding known as a redoubt, remains in Point State Park, the only intact
remnant of Fort Pitt. It was erected in 1764, and is believed to be the oldest building, not only in Pittsburgh, but in western Pennsylvania. Used
for many years as a home, the blockhouse was purchased and has been preserved for many years by the Daughters of the American Revolution,
who make it open to the public. Part of the foundations of Fort Pitt have been excavated and some of the fort has been rebuilt, though, giving
visitors to Point State Park a sense of the size of the fort. In this rebuilt section the Monongahela Bastion houses the Fort Pitt Museum.