1913 Mesta Machine
Double Helix Gear
1913 Mesta Machine
Staggered Tooth Gear
Industrial Pittsburgh
"The Real Men of Steel"
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These photos were donated to the SteelCactus Foundation by Douglas Haney.
Photos restored by the SteelCactus Foundation
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1913 Mesta Machine
Machining Staggered Tooth Gear
1913 Mesta Machine
Staggered Teeth Gears
Homestead Steel Strike
The Homestead Steel Strike, was a bitterly fought labor dispute. On June 29, 1892, workers belonging to the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers struck the
Carnegie Steel Company at Homestead, Pa. to protest a proposed wage cut. Henry C. Frick, the company's general manager, determined to break the union. He hired 300
Pinkerton detectives to protect the plant and strikebreakers.

The events that would follow the Pinkertons' arrival would go down in history as the Battle of the Monongahela, and would make the Homestead strike vastly different from
most strikes that had come before. As the barges came into sight, they were greeted with a barrage of gun fire and stones hurled through the air. Nearly 10,000 men, women,
and children gathered on the river banks armed with anything they could find. Some carried fire arms dating from the civil war, but many others grabbed anything they could
find from sticks, stones, and even clubs made from boards pried from fences. Despite the gun fire, the barges pressed on, reaching the entrance to the mill near dawn.

As the barges pulled up to the entrance, the strikers began to charge the fence that Frick built around the mill. In a matter of minutes, it was flattened and thousands of strikers
and their supporters poured into the mill to meet the Pinkerton guards. There they were met by a captain of the guards, Charles Nordrum, who told the crowd that they were
not looking for trouble as he pulled down the gangplank. The crowd, however, seemed little inclined to believe him as another round of chaos ensued. As no Pinkertons had yet
been hurt, Nordrum told his men not to return fire. Over the din, the Pinkerton commander, Fredrick H Heinde, told the strikers that his men were taking control of the mill.

However, the strikers did not take this announcement well. They rained rocks down upon the Pinkerton boats. Three men rushed forward to grab the gangplank. Two took
hold of either side, while one lay over the end. As the Pinkerton Commander, Fredrick H. Heinde, attempted to step over the man, he was shot in the thigh, which knocked him
backward and the strikers opened fire once more. This fresh round of gunfire killed one and wounded four more Pinkerton guards. Now that blood had been spilt, the
Pinkertons retaliated. More guards ran on to the deck from below and opened fire killing or wounding more than 30 strikers and sympathizers. The Pinkerton guards then
grabbed their dead and wounded from the ship's deck and pulled them below. At the same time, the strikers retreated up the hill behind the mill and began to build barricades
from scraps of steel and pig iron. While this initial violent outburst lasted less than three minutes, it left dozens dead and wounded.

After the armed battle between the workers and the detectives on July 6, the governor called out the state militia. The plant opened, nonunion workers stayed on the job, and
the strike, which was officially called off on Nov. 20, was broken. The Homestead strike led to a serious weakening of unionism in the steel industry until the 1930s.