THE HISTORY OF SAN ANTONIO
The City of San Antonio is one of the oldest Spanish colonization of the European settlements in Texas and was, for decades, its largest city.
Before Spanish colonization, the site was occupied for thousands of years by varying cultures of indigenous peoples. The historic Payaya
Indians were likely those who encountered the first Europeans.

Development of the Spanish colonial city followed construction of a fort in 1717. A Catholic mission and trading post were also established,
and the town developed as the capital of Tejas, a province of colonial Spain. It was the northernmost settlement associated with the Hispanic
culture of the Valley of Mexico.

After Mexico achieved independence in 1821, Anglo-American settlers entered the region from the United States. In 1849,Anglo-Americans
gained control of San Antonio in the fighting that gained independence for the Republic of Texas. In 1845 Texas was annexed by the United
States of America, and became a state.
SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS
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